Izumo, Shimane

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Izumo
出雲市
Izumo Taisha
Izumo Taisha
Flag of Izumo
Official seal of Izumo
Location of Izumo in Shimane Prefecture
Location of Izumo in Shimane Prefecture
Izumo is located in Japan
Izumo
Izumo
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°22′N 132°46′E / 35.367°N 132.767°E / 35.367; 132.767Coordinates: 35°22′N 132°46′E / 35.367°N 132.767°E / 35.367; 132.767
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'in)
PrefectureShimane Prefecture
Government
 • MayorHideto Nagaoka
Area
 • Total624.36 km2 (241.07 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2017)
 • Total172,039
 • Density280/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address109-1 Imaichichō, Izumo-shi, Shimane-ken
693-8530
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.izumo.shimane.jp
Symbols
FlowerChrysanthemum
TreeJapanese Black Pine
Izumo soba, unique to Izumo

Izumo (出雲市, Izumo-shi) is a city in Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Izumo is known for Izumo soba noodles and the Izumo Taisha Shinto shrine.

History[edit]

Izumo Taisha is the oldest Shinto shrine in Japan. In 2008, the holy area was open to the public from 1 August until August 17, after which extensive renovation work began. The nearby Shimane Museum of Ancient Izumo,[1] also located in Taisha Machi, has artifacts from the site.

In 2009, a team of archaeologists announced that they likely discovered—at the Sunabara Remains in Taki-chō, Izumo City—the oldest stone tools ever found in Japan. The find totaled about 20 tools dating back an estimated 120,000 years: about 80,000 years earlier than previous estimates of when the first humans arrived in the Japanese archipelago. The stones were found directly across Route 9 from Kirara Taki beach on the Sea of Japan. The excavation team was led by Doshisha University professor Kazuto Matsufuji, and the first of the tools were unearthed by Toshiro Naruse, a professor emeritus at Hyogo University of Teacher Education.[2]

In Izumo, there are various tombs and temples, including an ancient cluster of tombs to the south of the station. Within this tomb cluster is located the largest Tumulus style tomb within the Izumo region. With an overall length of 100 metres and mound 6 metres in height, the tomb located behind the Dainenji Temple is believed to have been constructed in the 6th century with highly sophisticated construction methods for the time.[3]

The Takase River is a canal that runs through the center of Izumo. Beginning at the Hiikawa River, the canal runs directly across the town. Constructed by developer Okaji Shichibei in 1670, the Takase was the first canal ever constructed in the then-Matsue domain. Before Okaji began his agricultural developments, the Izumo area was infertile and unable to support crops. Thanks to Okaji's developments, the area became an important region for the growing of rice and grain in the Matsue area.[4]

Izumo Dome is a venue located just north of the city proper. It has the distinction of being Japan's largest wooden building, at 49 metres high and 143 metres in diameter. It is used for sports and events such as baseball games and soccer matches, as well as for other events including sumo. It is a prominent symbol of Izumo, and can be seen from a distance from the train passing towards Hamada.

Hinomisaki Lighthouse (日御碕灯台, Hinomisaki tōdai) is a modern stone lighthouse with a powerful lamp. From the tower, one can see the Oki Islands, from where the story of the "white rabbit" comes.

Shimane Winery[5] is known for its super-sweet wines.

"Kirara Taki" Beach is located in Taki (多伎町), one of the towns merged into Izumo in 2005. The beach has clean water and off-shore stacks of concrete tetrapods to break the waves. Nearby is an onsen called Marine Thalasso Izumo.

The Okuizumo Museum of Tatara and Sword-making features demonstrations twice a month, switching off every two weeks: one demonstration shows smithing techniques, while the other is a usage demonstration.

The Izumo Handicraft Museum is set in a traditional Japanese workshop complex.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Izumo has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year. The average annual temperature in Izumo is 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,675.0 mm (65.94 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.4 °C (79.5 °F), and lowest in February, at around 4.8 °C (40.6 °F).[6] The highest temperature ever recorded in Izumo was 38.4 °C (101.1 °F) on 6 August 2017; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −12.5 °C (9.5 °F) on 9 February 2018.[7]

Climate data for Izumo (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
22.8
(73.0)
25.1
(77.2)
31.0
(87.8)
31.1
(88.0)
35.4
(95.7)
37.3
(99.1)
38.4
(101.1)
37.4
(99.3)
31.8
(89.2)
26.4
(79.5)
22.8
(73.0)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
9.3
(48.7)
12.7
(54.9)
18.0
(64.4)
22.8
(73.0)
26.0
(78.8)
29.5
(85.1)
31.3
(88.3)
27.1
(80.8)
22.0
(71.6)
16.5
(61.7)
11.1
(52.0)
19.6
(67.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
5.1
(41.2)
7.8
(46.0)
12.6
(54.7)
17.3
(63.1)
21.2
(70.2)
25.3
(77.5)
26.4
(79.5)
22.2
(72.0)
16.7
(62.1)
11.7
(53.1)
7.2
(45.0)
14.9
(58.8)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
0.7
(33.3)
2.5
(36.5)
6.6
(43.9)
11.5
(52.7)
16.7
(62.1)
21.7
(71.1)
22.4
(72.3)
18.0
(64.4)
11.7
(53.1)
6.8
(44.2)
3.1
(37.6)
10.2
(50.5)
Record low °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−8.4
(16.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.7
(35.1)
7.4
(45.3)
11.7
(53.1)
15.0
(59.0)
5.5
(41.9)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 121.6
(4.79)
98.9
(3.89)
123.5
(4.86)
112.2
(4.42)
130.3
(5.13)
183.0
(7.20)
229.8
(9.05)
145.6
(5.73)
187.1
(7.37)
113.4
(4.46)
114.6
(4.51)
135.9
(5.35)
1,675
(65.94)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 17.3 13.9 12.9 9.9 9.2 10.7 11.7 9.3 11.3 10.0 12.1 16.9 145.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 53.9 80.3 140.4 186.1 208.8 164.2 178.5 207.9 152.5 155.3 107.3 65.4 1,697.4
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[7][6]
Climate data for Hikawa, Izumo (2003−2020 normals, extremes 2003−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
23.0
(73.4)
25.2
(77.4)
28.9
(84.0)
31.7
(89.1)
33.2
(91.8)
36.1
(97.0)
37.9
(100.2)
36.2
(97.2)
31.9
(89.4)
27.4
(81.3)
23.1
(73.6)
37.9
(100.2)
Average high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
9.3
(48.7)
12.8
(55.0)
18.1
(64.6)
23.2
(73.8)
26.3
(79.3)
29.7
(85.5)
31.6
(88.9)
27.3
(81.1)
22.0
(71.6)
16.7
(62.1)
10.6
(51.1)
19.6
(67.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
5.1
(41.2)
8.0
(46.4)
12.8
(55.0)
17.9
(64.2)
21.8
(71.2)
25.7
(78.3)
27.1
(80.8)
22.9
(73.2)
17.2
(63.0)
11.9
(53.4)
6.7
(44.1)
15.1
(59.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
1.0
(33.8)
2.9
(37.2)
7.3
(45.1)
12.9
(55.2)
18.0
(64.4)
22.5
(72.5)
23.4
(74.1)
19.1
(66.4)
12.5
(54.5)
7.3
(45.1)
3.0
(37.4)
10.9
(51.6)
Record low °C (°F) −6.1
(21.0)
−12.5
(9.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.6
(40.3)
9.7
(49.5)
15.8
(60.4)
16.5
(61.7)
11.0
(51.8)
4.5
(40.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 120.5
(4.74)
93.1
(3.67)
118.8
(4.68)
118.1
(4.65)
126.4
(4.98)
155.7
(6.13)
241.0
(9.49)
143.9
(5.67)
183.7
(7.23)
121.1
(4.77)
112.2
(4.42)
148.9
(5.86)
1,690.8
(66.57)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16.7 12.9 12.9 10.3 9.1 10.1 11.9 9.6 11.3 10.1 12.6 17.5 145
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[8][9]

Demographics[edit]

The modern city was founded on November 3, 1941. As of 2017, the total population is 172,039 and the area of the new city of Izumo is 624.36 km².[citation needed]

On March 22, 2005, Izumo absorbed the city of Hirata, and the towns of Koryō, Sada, Taisha and Taki (all from Hikawa District) to create the new and expanded city of Izumo.[citation needed]

On October 1, 2011, the town of Hikawa (also from Hikawa District) was also merged into the new Izumo. Hikawa District was dissolved as a result of this merger.[citation needed]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 174,464—    
1955 175,419+0.5%
1960 168,724−3.8%
1965 161,790−4.1%
1970 157,325−2.8%
1975 159,058+1.1%
1980 166,280+4.5%
1985 170,529+2.6%
1990 171,422+0.5%
1995 172,001+0.3%
2000 173,776+1.0%
2005 173,751−0.0%
2010 171,523−1.3%
2015 171,938+0.2%
2020 172,775+0.5%
Izumo population statistics[10]

Transportation[edit]

Izumo-shi Station

Izumo is serviced by two rail networks. The first is the JR West Sanin Main Line, connecting Izumo-shi Station to Tottori through Yonago and Matsue to the east, and connecting along the coast to Ōda, Hamada and Masuda to the west. The secondary rail network is the private Ichibata Electric Railway. Dentetsu Izumo-shi Station is the terminal, and the line runs from Izumo to Matsue, passing through and connecting Hirata. The Dentetsu line also branches out and runs to Izumo Taisha from Kawato Station. A JR West service to Taisha ran until 1990 when the line was closed and Izumo-Takamatsu and Arakaya stations removed. Taisha JR railway station still exists as a historic building.

There is one airport inside the city of Izumo, Izumo Airport, located in the former town of Hikawa.

International relations[edit]

Izumo has a town twinning relationship with the following cities.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shimane Museum of Ancient Izumo
  2. ^ The Japan Times, (October 1, 2009), "Tools may rewrite Paleolithic Japan", accessed 11-25-2009
  3. ^ "Hometown Homepage - Izumo Places to Visit". Hometown.infocreate.co.jp. 2006-10-20. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  4. ^ "Hometown Homepage - Izumo A Local Celebrity". Hometown.infocreate.co.jp. 2006-10-20. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  5. ^ "島根ワイナリー - 水と緑と青い空・・・彩り豊かなワイナリーへようこそ". Shimane-winery.jp. Archived from the original on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  6. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  7. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  8. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  9. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  10. ^ Izumo population statistics
  11. ^ "Santa Clara Sister Cities: Izumo". Archived from the original on 2005-12-27. Retrieved 2006-12-30.
  12. ^ Dun Laoghaire County Council News

External links[edit]